Kidney Cancer

 

 

Diagnostic Tests

CT Scan
Ultrasound
Urine Test
MRI
Cytology
Biopsy 

Surgical Treatment

Laparoscopic Nephrectomy
Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy


Overview

Kidneys produce urine that drains through the ureters into the bladder. Kidney cancer stems from kidney tumors which are abnormal growths within the kidneys. Tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous), and approximately 2 percent of all cancers are kidney cancers. It is important to realize that with timely diagnosis and treatment, kidney cancer can be cured. If found early, the survival rate for patients with kidney cancer ranges from 80 to 100 percent, and more than 100,000 survivors of kidney cancer are alive in the United States today.

Kidney tumors do not produce symptoms, but they may be discovered through routine screening or through the evaluation of an unrelated problem. Symptoms can include some pain, blood in the urine (hematuria), shortness of breath and coughing of blood. Different types of kidney cancer produce varying symptoms, and your physician can offer additional details. 

A variety of treatment options exist for kidney cancer, and a consultation with a urologist will help to find a suitable treatment plan. Radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, surgical removal, and immunotherapy are common treatment options. Laparoscopic nephrectomy is a technique using specialized telescopes inserted into the abdominal cavity through small incisions to remove the cancerous growth. A suitable course of treatment can be found using a knowledgeable urologist as your guide.