Urine Tests- PCA3
DRE- Digital Rectal Exam
The prostate gland is a small gland in men located below the bladder which surrounds the upper portion of the urethra. The prostate gland secretes a fluid that makes up part of the semen.
Prostate cancer is currently being diagnosed in over 200,000 men in the United States each year, making it more common than lung cancer and the most common internal cancer in males. Prostate cancer is rarely diagnosed in males under age 50, but incidences of prostate cancer rise quickly past the age of fifty. Undiagnosed prostate cancer has been shown to be very common in postmortem autopsies of men age 50 and older. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men in the United States, but when detected in the early stages, prostate cancer can be effectively treated and cured.
The symptoms of prostate cancer are wide-ranging. In the early phases, prostate cancer may cause no symptoms whatsoever in the affected male. When symptoms occur, they may include dull pain, frequent urination, problems with urination, blood in the urine or semen, and other related symptoms.
Prostate cancer can only be adequately diagnosed by analyzing tissue under a microscope; however, a digital rectal examination can assist with the determination. Treatment options include radiation therapy, radical surgery, hormonal therapy, and other methods. A trained urologist can offer appropriate suggestions in treating prostate cancer. With proper management and urologic care, prostate cancer can often be eliminated or survival increased.